On May 17, 1954, U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous ruling against the "separate but equal" mandate and demanded desegregation of schools. Outside the courtroom, the attorneys who argued the Brown v. Board of Education case, James Nabrit Jr., Thurgood Marshall and George Hayes, give a press conference.
The attorneys above predicted "the law abiding South [would] accept the Court's decision." Some school districts in the South desegregated peacefully. In others, resistance resulted in violence that required federal intervention. For example, in 1960, six years after the decision, federal marshals had to escort four African American girls so they could enroll in their New Orleans school.