The buffalo was the main source of food and other goods of the Plains peoples. They depended on the buffalo for meat; used the animals' hides to make clothing, teepee shelters, bedding, and water bugs; and used other parts to make various tools or pieces of equipment. The government used the slaughter of the buffalo to subdue Native Americans, thus opening up the plains of Texas to the booming cattle industry. This Talk Read Talk Write forces kids to justify the need to keep, or remove, the buffalo population in order for one group to prosper.
*Obviously students could support the argument for Native Americans to keep the buffalo. See if someone will play the "devil's advocate" and find a way to justify clearing the Plains.